Weekly Well being Quiz: Pathogens, Molecules and Infections

1 Which of the next teams are at best danger for each vitamin D deficiency and extreme COVID-19 an infection and demise?

  • Caucasians
  • The aged
  • Each the aged and folks of colour

    The aged and folks of colour are the 2 teams which can be at best danger for each vitamin D deficiency and extreme COVID-19 an infection and demise. Compelling analysis reveals vitamin D deficiency is driving COVID-19 mortality, so serving to these populations optimize their vitamin D ranges might forestall tens of hundreds of deaths ought to a second wave of COVID-19 emerge. Be taught extra.

  • Folks of colour

2 What’s the most problematic hurdle going through COVID-19 vaccine builders?

  • Ache attributable to the quantum dot supply methodology
  • Low revenue projections
  • Sophisticated vaccine supply
  • Paradoxical immune enhancement

    Probably the most hazardous hurdle for any COVID-19 vaccine is the potential for paradoxical immune enhancement. Previous makes an attempt at creating coronavirus vaccines have failed, as each animal and human topics would develop sturdy antibody responses however then develop into gravely sick when uncovered to the wild virus. In some animal research, all of the animals died upon publicity to the wild virus. Be taught extra.

3 Which of the next publications was just lately caught altering an article concerning the origin of SARS-CoV-2, from presenting proof the virus was lab-created, to dismissing that proof as conspiracy and rumor?

  • Forbes

    Forbes’ June 7, 2020, article on a Norwegian report that claims to current proof that SARS-CoV-2 is a laboratory creation was virtually instantly altered to mirror the opposing view. Be taught extra.

  • The Wall Road Journal
  • The New York Instances
  • The HuffPost

4 In response to latest analysis, what share of the inhabitants could also be resistant or have prior immunity to SARS-CoV-2 on the T-cell stage?

  • 0-5%
  • 10-15%
  • 40-60%

    Proof for resistance to SARS-CoV-2 is rising. One latest examine discovered 40% to 60% of people that had not been uncovered to SARS-CoV-2 nonetheless had resistance to the virus on the T-cell stage. In response to the authors, this means there’s cross-reactive T cell recognition between circulating ‘frequent chilly’ coronaviruses and SARS-CoV-2. Be taught extra.

  • 90-95%

5 Publicity to which pathogen seems to additionally present resistance in opposition to SARS-CoV-2?

  • Measles virus
  • Betacoronaviruses OC43 and HKU1

    In case you’ve beat a standard chilly attributable to a OC43 or HKU1 betacoronavirus up to now, you might have a 50/50 probability of getting defensive T-cells that may acknowledge and assist defend in opposition to SARS-CoV-2. Be taught extra.

  • Mumps virus
  • HIV virus

6 Which of the next hospitals — accused by one nurse of offering Third-World stage medical care — is the epicenter of the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic within the U.S.?

  • NYU Langone Hospital, New York, New York
  • Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Elmhurst Hospital Middle, Queens, New York

    In a closely censored video interview, nurse Erin Olszewski reveals the horrific maltreatment of COVID-19 sufferers at Elmhurst Hospital Middle, the general public hospital in Queens, New York, that’s “the epicenter of the epicenter” of the COVID-19 pandemic within the U.S. Be taught extra.

  • OhioHealth Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, Ohio

7 Which is the smallest molecule within the universe?

  • Oxygen
  • Helium
  • Water
  • Hydrogen

    The hydrogen molecule is the smallest within the universe, which permits it to diffuse by way of all cell membranes, together with the blood-brain barrier and subcellular compartments, such because the mitochondria. It additionally has no cost or polarity. All of this provides it superior bioavailability. Be taught extra.