Molecular Hydrogen — Is it the Finest Antioxidant You Can Take?


Tyler W. LeBaron, founding father of the science-based nonprofit Molecular Hydrogen Institute, is likely one of the most educated folks about molecular hydrogen and its advantages. There are such a lot of advantages we are able to study from him and plenty of different researchers from Universities across the world. For starters, H2 is a potent selective antioxidant. That is necessary, as many different antioxidants, similar to vitamin C and E are usually not selective, and when taken in extra, may be counterproductive.

Hydrogen would not have that draw back, which is likely one of the the explanation why it is my favourite. Now, after we discuss molecular hydrogen, we’re speaking in regards to the gasoline, the H2 molecule, which is 2 hydrogen atoms sure collectively.

The H2 molecule is the smallest in the universe, which permits it to diffuse by way of all cell membranes, together with the blood-brain barrier and subcellular compartments, and into the mitochondria. It would not want any transporter protein.

It additionally has no cost or polarity. As defined by LeBaron, that is essential, as a result of charged molecules can not simply penetrate cell membranes. Charged molecules should undergo a protein channel. All of this offers it superior mobile bioavailability.

Well being Advantages of H2

Among the many many well being advantages of H2 is its capacity to lower extreme oxidative stress, irritation and perturbations from regular homeostasis. The important thing phrase right here is “extra,” as a result of some oxidative stress and a few free radicals are literally helpful. For instance, you metabolize meals by way of the method of oxidation, and that oxidation is vital for all times to exist.

So, what we’re searching for when it comes to well being is the power to inhibit extreme oxidative stress and harm. LeBaron opinions this in better element within the interview so, for extra data, please hear to it in its entirety, or learn by way of the transcript.

As only one instance, sure therapies similar to photobiomodulation, train and sauna bathing mildly enhance oxidation within the physique, and that oxidation is what induces varied helpful results such because the induction of warmth shock proteins (HSP). This course of is called hormesis.

“This is a crucial phrase … after we discuss the advantages of molecular hydrogen as a result of it appears to work by way of some comparable processes of hormesis,” LeBaron says.

H2 Is a Selective Antioxidant

Relating to oxidative stress, all you really need is a return to homeostasis. You do not need to neutralize all free radicals. Many antioxidants have a excessive variety of electrons that may simply and indiscriminately scavenge, react with and neutralize a variety of radicals or oxidants. Molecular hydrogen, however, is selective, and thus solely eliminates the surplus, in order that homeostasis is restored.

“Generally antioxidants may even exacerbate oxidative stress as a result of they’ll enhance Fenton response cycles and redox biking, and find yourself being potent pro-oxidants. So, it is rather difficult, and we now have to be very cautious,” LeBaron says, including:

“One of many causes we all know H2 [is] protected is as a result of it merely doesn’t have the reductive energy or potential to neutralize or react with a few of these essential necessary signaling oxidants, similar to hydrogen peroxide, superoxide radicals and nitric oxide. It simply doesn’t have the capacity to react with these, even in vitro. Should you simply put the 2 collectively, they do not react.”

However, H2 readily reacts with the poisonous hydroxyl radical — essentially the most reactive and oxidative radical in the physique — turning it into innocent water. Research counsel H2 could also be very useful in instances of coronary heart assault or stroke, for instance, defending towards the oxidative harm from hydroxyl radicals that happen throughout reperfusion.1 In my view, molecular hydrogen ought to be carried out ASAP in all instances of coronary heart assault and stroke because of this.

There is no danger, it’s totally cheap and the upside potential is gigantic. LeBaron cites animal analysis printed within the Journal of the American Coronary heart Affiliation2 exhibiting H2 administration elevated the post-cardiac arrest syndrome survival fee from 43% within the management group to 92% within the H2 group. When mixed with therapeutic hypothermia, which inhibits the creation of free radicals, the survival fee shot as much as 100%. It merely would not get any higher than that.

In line with LeBaron, the Japanese authorities has now authorised the inhalation of H2 gasoline as a complicated drugs for the remedy of post-cardiac arrest syndrome.3 He additionally opinions among the research which are at present underway to research the advantages of molecular hydrogen inhalation throughout coronary heart surgical procedure and different cases.

H2 Is a Sign Modulator

Except for being a selective antioxidant, H2 acts as a gaseous-signal modulator, and thus is ready to affect gene expression and protein phosphorylations cascades concerned in sign transduction, all of which assist clarify its therapeutic results. One of many main pathways that H2 prompts is the Nrf2 pathway. LeBaron explains:

“The Nrf2 is that this protein that is sure to a different protein, Keap1, and when there’s an assault of oxidative stress, these two separate. Then the Nrf2 is ready to diffuse into the nucleus of the DNA. It binds to the electrophile response or ARE, the antioxidant response ingredient, portion of the DNA.

When it does that, that finally ends up resulting in the manufacturing of a complete bunch of endogenous antioxidants like glutathione, superoxide dismutase and catalase … After we discuss antioxidation and cleansing, a variety of that is regulated and managed by Nrf2. That’s the grasp regulator. So, it’s a key protein concerned in lots of processes [and] hydrogen gasoline is ready to activate the Nrf2 pathway.”

Importantly, although, opposite to different Nrf2 activators, H2 solely prompts Nfr2 if it is really wanted. On this means, the danger of it suppressing helpful free radicals like nitric oxide is minimized. Certainly, H2 seems to be one of many most secure therapeutic choices out there. It is draw back potential is nearly nonexistent.

“It tends to carry issues again to homeostasis,” LeBaron says. “The additional one thing is away from homeostasis, the upper the likelihood that hydrogen gasoline will be capable to assist carry that again into homeostasis. If one thing is already at an ideal degree, properly, then, you may even see that hydrogen gasoline did not do something …

Once more, hydrogen gasoline has this twin function the place it could actually each shield towards the oxidative stress, in addition to act as this gentle hormetic effector in the mitochondria to extend gentle quantities of free radicals, just like a simple bout of train for instance, which may then induce these protecting results.”

The right way to Administer H2

The simplest method to get hydrogen gasoline into your system is to dissolve a molecular hydrogen pill in water and drink it. Within the interview, LeBaron warns us why we should be skeptical and cautious about electrolysis machines, as they typically do not produce wherever close to the concentrations required. In scientific research that is typically 1.6 mg/L and above, which at first would not sound like very a lot, however it’s vital as LeBaron additional explains:

“There are a few issues to contemplate whenever you drink hydrogen gasoline. No. 1, 1.6 mg/L as a solubility would not sound like very a lot … [but remember] that hydrogen gasoline is the smallest molecule within the universe. Of course, 1.6 mg would not weigh very a lot as a result of it is hydrogen gasoline … but it surely’s really a variety of molecules. In actual fact, there are extra molecules in 1.6 mg of hydrogen than there are molecules of vitamin C in a 100-mg dose.

It’s a must to evaluate molecules to molecules or moles to moles, not simply weight to weight. What weighs extra, a pound of gold or a pound of feathers? Proper? They weigh the identical … So, after we have a look at molecular hydrogen, there’s really fairly a bit.

Now, get this. While you inhale, say, a 3% hydrogen gasoline, then that is going to extend the mobile focus to a sure degree. That very same degree, if we are able to calculate it primarily based on Henry’s legislation and the dose you are ingesting from ingesting hydrogen water, that focus within the cell will also be reached by simply ingesting hydrogen water.

As a result of in case you drink all of it directly … [it] instantly will increase the mobile focus to the identical degree that you’d get if you have been inhaling hydrogen gasoline at 2% or 3% degree … You are additionally in a position enact varied second messenger techniques that possibly you are not getting with inhalation.”

Analysis has proven H2 water can enhance nonalcoholic fatty liver illness4 and metabolic syndrome,5 each of that are diet-driven circumstances. In a latest research6 metabolic syndrome, a excessive dose of H2 was used utilizing hydrogen-producing tablets.

The research concerned 60 topics and lasted for six months and “considerably diminished blood ldl cholesterol and glucose ranges, attenuated serum hemoglobin A1c, and improved biomarkers of irritation and redox homeostasis.” It even “tended to advertise a light discount and physique mass index and hip-to-waist ratio,” the research authors added.

“It seems we had some very distinguished results, and much more efficient in comparison with the earlier research resulting in this development that at the least in some instances, a better dose or a better focus of hydrogen is extra efficient than the decrease dose, decrease concentrations,” LeBaron says.

Focus and Frequency Matter

Except for ensuring the focus is sufficiently excessive, you additionally need to pulse your consumption, because the extra steady the publicity, the much less efficient it’s. LeBaron additional explains:

“For example [you take] 6 mg of hydrogen and you are going to take all 6 mg evenly in a 24-hour interval. Meaning you are basically sipping on hydrogen water all through the day.

Should you do this, it’s possible you’ll not get nearly as good of advantages since you’re not getting a excessive sufficient dose of hydrogen within the physique with a purpose to attain the mobile concentrations required to induce these modifications on the mobile degree that you simply want.

Now, if in distinction, in case you have been to only take the total 6 mg all at as soon as, that’s in all probability going to be simpler than taking it all through the whole day. So, I’ll say if you’re going to get hydrogen and attempt to get the advantages, then you definitely would need to get as excessive of a dose you possibly can unexpectedly, and then you can in all probability do this a number of instances a day.

I do not know if it is higher to take 6 mg or 10 mg of hydrogen as soon as a day or six instances a day. Perhaps the six or 10 instances a day goes to be simpler, or simply as efficient, since you’re nonetheless getting spikes. However then once more possibly not.”

Clearly, the research should be achieved to decide the very best frequency, however till then, it might appear that customizing the dose to your private circumstances is likely to be extra acceptable. So, if you are in regular, nonstressful circumstances at dwelling, not exercising a lot at all, then possibly as soon as day is adequate.

However, in case you train vigorously then it is likely to be extra acceptable to take it a few instances a day. Should you journey by airplane, taking it each two hours whereas flying is likely to be acceptable. The excellent news is, H2 is kind of protected, so that you’re unlikely to do hurt.

One other profit when utilizing hydrogen tablets is that they include extremely bioavailable unbound magnesium ions. Every pill will present about 80 mg of ionic magnesium, which is about 20% of the RDA.

Synergistic Results With Different Therapies

H2 gasoline will also be used along with different dietary supplements and therapies for a possible synergistic impact. For instance, you possibly can take it together with a sauna, each of which produce warmth shock proteins, or with dietary ketosis or exogenous ketones. One other instance is hyperbaric oxygen remedy.

“Relating to the sauna, I believe that is nice,” LeBaron says. “I in all probability would do the hydrogen earlier than something … Once more, [we’re] speaking about this preconditioning hydrogen impact.

If I can simply again up and discuss one research that I believe helps at this stage, about NAD+ and NADH. These are essential molecules. The upper the ratio of the NAD+ to NADH, the higher … In this attention-grabbing research,7 they used a toxin in a cell tradition, and as could be anticipated, that NAD+ to NADH ratio decreased, and that finally ends up inflicting all of those pathological issues and cell loss of life.

Once they administered the hydrogen gasoline, it helped keep these ranges up larger. Now, that is a part of the difficulty: For a part of the research, they simply did it in cell cultures, so you possibly can think about this little Petri dish, and also you add hydrogen gasoline in there.

Properly, that hydrogen gasoline will solely be in there for 20 minutes, half an hour or 40 minutes, relying on the focus. It isn’t going to be there for very lengthy. They discovered there was a therapeutic protecting impact towards that toxin for about 24 hours. It maintained that impact …

Then there was a scientific research on rheumatoid arthritis8 the place they used high-dose hydrogen water for 4 weeks. After 4 weeks, there was nonetheless a protecting impact of molecular hydrogen. There have been nonetheless decreases within the illness ranking rating and oxidative stress. So, it actually had an impact on gene expression, epigenetics and sign modulation. Rather more is occurring right here than only a radical scavenging exercise.

Taking these collectively, after we have a look at different issues such because the sauna, the sauna actually is kind of a light factor … [but] I nonetheless like the thought of taking the hydrogen earlier than. While you’re speaking about hyperbaric oxygen, then I believe there’s much more rationale of taking the molecular hydrogen [30 to 60 minutes] earlier than as a pretreatment, preconditioning …

Ketones, whether or not they’re endogenous or exogenous, are very helpful for the mitochondria, so long as the mitochondria are prepared for them. Ketones can even enhance free radicals, at the least initially, however that is additionally what’s superb, as a result of in the long term they’ll lower oxidative stress. A part of for this reason you possibly can upregulate the Nrf2 pathway.

Properly, hydrogen gasoline with the ability to each suppress extreme oxidative harm in addition to enhance and activate the operate of the mitochondria, bettering the mitochondrial resting membrane potential, it’s going to have affect within the mitochondria transition pore, so you do not have pathological issues …

So, there are some areas the place ketones appear to work, as does hydrogen gasoline … Hydrogen [can also] induce and truly improve autophagy9,10… By so doing, you are going to get therapeutic protecting results from the hydrogen gasoline. Nonetheless, there are different research exhibiting that hydrogen gasoline inhibits extreme autophagy.11,12

So, that is how cells die, proper? You’ve gotten necrosis, you could have apoptosis, and you’ve got autophagic cell loss of life. When you could have an excessive amount of occurring — and a variety of medicine or interventions can doubtlessly trigger an extreme quantity of autophagy — then that is dangerous. Hydrogen gasoline … was capable of stop the extreme quantity of autophagy being produced.”

Equally, H2 gasoline can each enhance and reduce mTOR activation,13,14 relying on what your physique wants. Ditto for IgF1.15,16 What this implies is that in case you’re fasting or doing time-restricted consuming, which prompts autophagy, taking molecular hydrogen not solely can optimize autophagy, but in addition decrease it if an excessive amount of is going down. That would make long-term fasting a lot safer. What’s extra:

“While you take hydrogen, you enhance gastric ghrelin secretion.17 Ghrelin is the starvation hormone. One of many first issues [that happens] whenever you quick is you enhance ghrelin. Ghrelin is extraordinarily neuroprotective and anti inflammatory and has an entire bunch of advantages.18

Properly, hydrogen additionally will increase ghrelin. So, in a variety of methods, hydrogen mimics fasting from autophagy to ghrelin, to a variety of different pathways which are activated, but it surely is dependent upon the situation.”19

Dosing Fundamentals

The conventional dose is one pill — which is taken into account an appropriately excessive dose — in 500 mL or 16 ounces of water. That provides you with a focus of about 10 mg of H2 per liter (10 mg/L), which implies you are getting a dose of 5 mg. As quickly because the pill has dissolved, you may need to drink the entire glass earlier than the cloud of H2 gasoline dissipates.

The speed at which it dissolves can differ from wherever from one to 2 or three minutes, relying on how chilly the water is. Should you put it in iced water, it may take even longer. Ideally, use room temperature water, because the colder it’s, the longer it takes for the pill to dissolve, and the longer it takes, the much less of the gasoline will stay by the point the pill is absolutely dissolved.

Additionally, use nonetheless water, not glowing water, which has CO2 dissolved in it, as that may disperse the H2 gasoline out sooner. You need to drink it as shortly as doable whereas it nonetheless has that milky look. The white cloudiness is the suspended hydrogen. Should you wait till the water turns clear, the hydrogen gasoline has evaporated away. Once more, if your physique is underneath critical stress, it’s possible you’ll take 4 or 5 tablets a day. If not, a single pill a day would in all probability be adequate.

For extra details about molecular hydrogen analysis, go to the Nationwide Institutes of Well being library20 and seek for molecular hydrogen. Additionally make sure you try the Molecular Hydrogen Institute’s web site.